I decided to post this recipe after an exchange I had with Dolly about gluten-free phyllo dough, which as far as I know, cannot readily be found in stores. I have now been making my own since spring of 2015, and the original recipe was posted on my French blog: ma cuisine sans sulfites. I love the taste of phyllo leaves after they have been baked or pan-fried. The folding turns them into something somewhat similar to flaky pastry. A word of warning however: this recipe is a little time consuming. Why? Because unlike pancakes or crêpes, the batter, which is nothing to make really, must be poured onto a COLD non-stick skillet. The implication is that you will have to wait before each sheet, unless you have two skillets, which will slightly speed up the process. Whenever I decide to make my gluten-free phyllo leaves, I end up multi-tasking : I read the paper, do some light house cleaning, or even type a recipe, but nothing that will require high concentration.
Are you ready ? Don’t worry : I have included a video to illustrate how I proceed.
Ingredients: (for 10 to 12 phyllo leaves)
– 35 g (1.25 oz) rice flour + 35 g tapioca flour + 35 g arrow-root OR
– 35 g rice flour + 35 g teff flour + 35 g tapioca starch or flour; This mix is my all-time favorite):
NOTE : sorghum flour does not work well here, neither does millet flour, and I am not sure how buckwheat would behave or whether you can do without the starch.
– pinch sea salt, unrefined and without additives
– 1 egg white
– 200 to 225 ml water (more or less, to be adapted according to the flour mix you use ; teff flour might need more)
– 1 TBSP agave nectar, totally optional, and only if you are planning to use the leaves in a dessert recipe.
– a little oil to lightly brush the skillet with, and only for the very first leaf or when you notice some sticking.)
You will also need several paper / plastic disposable plates (although I keep them from one time to the next, I hate the idea of tossing plastic into my garbage can every time) to separate your phyllo leaves until you decide to use them. This will even allow you to FREEZE YOUR BATCH UNTIL YOU USE THEM.
How to: ( keep in mind that you will need a good hour to actually make the leaves )
1. Mix the flours and salt in a bowl, make a well in the center and add the egg white. Start beating the white and the flour with a fork, adding water gradually to avoid lumps. Batter should be thinner than pancake batter, more like a crêpe batter. Add agave nectar if desired at this point.
- a. Start mixing the egg white with the flour.
- b. As it gets harder, add water.
- c. Make sure there are no lumps.
2. For cooking the leaves, use a 22 cm (8.5 inches) non-stick skillet, Teflon type. A ceramic or stainless steel pan won’t work here. DO NOT HEAT THE SKILLET ; instead brush it lightly with some oil before you start. Pour about 25 ml of the well-mixed batter into the pan, and shake horizontally to spread the batter everywhere as evenly as possible. Take your time. If you find there are some « holes » left, just patch them up with a light finger BEFORE turning on the heat.
3. Turn on low heat and cook until the batter changes color, almost turns transparent, and the edges start peeling off. REMOVE FROM HEAT IMMEDIATELY. In the video I was a little stressed – stage fright, you know – and I kind of forgot to turn down the heat ! As it was the very first leaf it didn’t matter too much.
You will notice here that you can see through the cooked batter and that the left side is starting to detach itself from the skillet.
4. Proceed to peel off the cooked phyllo leaf gently and place on an oiled sheet of parchment paper or on a disposable plate. Wait for the skillet to cool down. I sometimes move it around on the counter top to help speed the process.
5. When your skillet feels cool again, stir the batter before pouring the next 25 ml.
If you have been patient enough to read this far, I am totally sure you will have the patience to try this recipe. You will not be disappointed with the result. These phyllo leaves are usually filled then cooked in a frying pan.
Of course I will gladly answer any questions you may have.